Gene[rate] Tools

Tools for handling and analysing data with ambiguities

These programs expect plain text files in UNIFORMAT v3 as input. A download link to the results file is provided once the execution is completed (on screen and/or by email). Read more about these tools (and see examples of input files) in the usage overview.

Please note that the results files are deleted after 48 hours, therefore if you have not saved your results file you have to run the programs again.


Checks UNIFORMAT files for formating errors and performs automatic translations of allele and haplotype names (new nomenclature, expansion of valid abbreviations,..)


File conversions

Converts data files from different formats (tabulated, columnar, pdf files of Luminex reports, Arlequin projects) into UNIFORMAT, and vice versa



Calculates phenotypes from probe lists and reactivity data and returns a UNIFORMAT file


One-locus summary

Provides allele frequencies and summary statistics at one locus, including a graph of frequency estimates and numerical assessments of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and selective neutrality


Two-locus summary

Provides haplotype frequencies and tests for linkage disequilibrium at two loci


(Free) frequency estimation

Calcutes allele or haplotype frequency estimates under alternative models to Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (e.g. inbreeding) and/or for multiple loci


Regional analysis

Performs genetic comparisons of multiple population samples from selected world regions by means of non-metrical mutidimensional scaling (NMDS) analyses


Charts & Maps

Provides frequency charts and maps for specific alleles or haplotypes in selected world regions